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Screen Attachments: new Issue of SCREENING THE PAST

Framegrab from Nuovo cinema Paradiso/Cinema Paradiso (Giuseppe Tornatore, 1988), a film which is the starting point of film theorist Francesco Casetti in his new article “Cinema Lost and Found

Film Studies for Free rushes you the wonderful news that a special issue (no. 32) of Screening the Past has just gone online. The issue treats the topic of Screen Attachments and is edited by Catherine Fowler and Paola Voci

The obvious highlight is a brilliant article by Francesco Casetti, but a quick glance at all the other articles indicates a very high quality issue indeed. FSFF‘s own favourite is Fowler and Voci’s study Brief Encounters: Theorizing Screen Attachments Outside the Movie Theatre’, with its compelling use of Sara Ahmed‘s notion of orientation.

The Classics and Reruns section also has some real gems.

Screen Attachments

Classics and Reruns

Reviews

    >Narratology and Narration in Film and Transmedia Storytelling

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    Image from Storytelling (Todd Solondz, 2001)
    Narration in the Fiction Film


    [David] Bordwell bases his theory of cinematic narration on the work of the Russian Formalists. It is a theory that assumes a distinction between ‘the story that is represented and the actual representation of it’ (1985: 49); a distinction between the narrative as it is constructed by the spectator (the fabula) and the formal systems of representation employed in a film (syuzhet and style). Bordwell describes the spectator’s activity in constructing a narrative in the following terms:

    Presented with two narrative events, we look for causal or spatial or temporal links. The imaginary construct we create, progressively and retrospectively, was termed by the Formalists the fabula (sometimes translated as ‘story’). More specifically, the fabula embodies the action as a chronological, cause-and-effect chain of events occurring within a given duration and spatial field. … The fabula is thus a pattern which perceivers of narratives create through assumptions and inferences. It is the developing result of picking up narrative cues, applying schema, framing and testing hypotheses. … It would be an error to take the fabula, or story, as the profilmic event. A film’s fabula is never materially present on the screen or soundtrack. … What is given? … The syuzhet (usually translated as ‘plot’) is the actual arrangement and presentation of the fabula in the film. It is not in the text in toto. It is a more abstract construct, the patterning of a story as a blow-by-blow recounting of the film could render it (Bordwell 1985: 49-50. Original emphasis). [Nick Redfern, ‘Film as Text: Radical Constructivism and the Problem of Narrative in Cinema’, Amsterdam International Electronic Journal for Cultural Narratology, No. 2, Autumn 2005]

    Unreliable narration in film and literature


    As discussed by Volker Ferenz (Ferenz 2005) in an article on the status of the concept of the unreliable narrator in film studies, the present scope has been wide and highly diverse. Seymour Chatman – one of the few who deals with film and literature equally well – uses it to describe a character who appears to be our source of the shown (i.e. in control of the image) and who turns out to be unreliable (i.e. the picture has not been true), and to describe voice-over narrators whose telling is undermined by the image-track. (Chatman 1978: 235ff, Chatman 1990: 131 ff.) These two uses are pretty much in agreement with what literary studies have been doing. But others, like David Bordwell, George M. Wilson and Gregory Currie, have applied the concept to films with non-personalised narrators where important omissions of information lead the spectator to draw his or her own or false conclusions as the film progresses (Bordwell 1985; Wilson 1986; Currie 1997), and yet others have applied it to films where the normal causal-logic of reality is suspended – either in favour of metafictional manoeuvres, as seen in Alain Resnais’ L’année dernière à Marienbad (1961), or as in ghost stories like Alejandro Amenábar’s The Others (2001) or M. Night Shyamalan’s The Sixth Sense (1999)[2], both partly constructed around the axis of what Tzvetan Torodov labelled the fantastic-marvellous (Todorov 1980). Ferenz shows that Tamar Yacobi’s five strategies for the naturalization of textual ambiguities and inconsistencies (Yacobi 1981) is an excellent tool for sorting out some of these (mis)understandings. In Yacobi’s taxonomy it is the ‘perspectival principle’, by which the reader brings discordant elements into a pattern by attributing them to the peculiarities of the speaker or observer through whom the world is mediated, that are congruent with what literary studies label as an unreliable narrator, and Ferenz shows that many of the films described as unreliably narrated are better understood in accordance with Yacobi’s other principles – i.e. as a matter of generic or functional principles. [Per Krogh Hansen, ‘Unreliable Narration in Cinema: Facing the Cognitive Challenge Arising from Literary Studies’, Amsterdam International Electronic Journal for Cultural Narratology, No. 5, Autumn 2008-Autumn 2009]

    Film Studies For Free presents one of its regular bumper links lists to openly accessible scholarly materials. Today’s category of choice is an essential one for our discipline: the study of narratology in film and transmedia storytelling.

    As it’s such a long list, FSFF will start off proceedings by singling out two particularly useful resources with which those new to this topic might like to begin:

    1. Manfred Jahn, ‘A Guide to Narratological Film Analysis’. Poems, Plays, and Prose: A Guide to the Theory of Literary Genres. English Department, University of Cologne, 1.7. August 2, 2003 
    2. Dino Felluga, ‘General Introduction to Narratology’, Introductory Guide to Critical Theory, Purdue University, 2003

    http://books.google.com/books?id=0O6w1mmy95YC&lpg=PA154&ots=CvztoAB-dH&dq=%22Seeing%20or%20Speaking%3A%20Visual%20Narratology%20and%20Focalization%2C%20Literature%20to%20Film%22&lr=lang_en&pg=PA154&output=embed

    Storytelling sans frontières? On Adaptation, Remaking, Intertextuality, and Transmediality

    Still from the trailer for (The Twilight Saga:) New Moon (Chris Weitz, 2009)
    Another rather long links list today, this time on one of Film Studies For Free‘s author‘s main research specialisms: adaptation (and remaking, ‘remediation’, ‘transmediality’) and intertextuality. The list — as always of direct links to openly-accessible scholarly resources — is particularly meaty in celebration of a very cool happening. A proposed contribution by her on these topics to a panel at the Los Angeles Society of Cinema and Media Studies annual conference in 2010 was accepted this week (woohoo!).

    A video-essay version of this work — entitled ‘Intertextuality and Anomalousness: Luis Buñuel’s The Young One (1960)’ — part of a great panel calledLooking Backwards and Thinking Forwards: Engaging the Cinema of 1960 with Multimedia Scholarship’ will appear on this website in due course…

    So, in celebration of the above, do please enjoy the following links to very high quality scholarly resources on adaptation and narrative transmediality, with a nice little video embedded at the very end: